University for International Cooperation, the Tropical Science Center, and CONDESAN
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
Sustainable Mountain Development RIO 2012 and beyond
Mountains in Meso America cover 25.2% of the region and hold a remarkable 12% of the world’s biodiversity on only about 2% of the earth’s land surface. A total of 86 indigenous ethnic groups occupy 54.2% of the mountain territories. The greatest global threat to sustainable mountain development in the region is climate change. Other threats are mining, expansion of hydropower generation, urban sprawl into mountain areas, deforestation, and soil erosion.