Karki, Madhav; Bhattarai, Binod (ICIMOD)
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
As the ‘water tower of Asia’, the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) mountains are the source of 10 major river systems and provide vital ecosystem goods and services to more than 1.4 billion people. The region includes four global biodiversity hotspots, 488 protected areas, 330 important bird areas, and 60 global eco-regions. Rangelands cover more than 60 per cent of the region’s territory. However the region is home to more than 40 per cent of the world’s poor people and faces extreme vulnerability and risks due to climate and global change.